The birthstone for May is emerald or chrysoprase, the birthflower is lily of the valley or the hawthorn flower.
Emerald's name is derived from the Greek word “smaragdos,” a term applied to several kinds of green stones. The emerald belongs to the beryl family of minerals that include aquamarine.
Emeralds are most frequently found inside a form of shale – a fine-grained sedimentary rock. Emerald-bearing shale has undergone recrystallization due to changes in the physical environment such as pressure and temperature.
They are said to be the 'stone of successful love'.
Chrysoprase is a variety of chalchedony (a type of quartz) that contains nickel. The nickel means that it's colour may fade if subjected to too much sunlight. The name Chrysoprase is believed to come from the Greek chrysos meaning ‘gold’ and prason, meaning ‘leek’ or ‘bloom’. It is said that the Greeks may have bestowed this stone with the name due to the presence of the golden drops that appear to be contained within the stone.
It is the stone of love and truth and it is thought that the wearer may summon prosperity and attract fortune.
Lily of the valley
Lily of the valley has the most amazing fragrance and has beautiful small white bell flowers. Because of their beautiful scent, they are used in essential oils for perfumery. This flower symbolises humility, chastity, sweetness, purity and is said to bring luck in love. It also means "the return of happiness" which is the reason why it is often used as decorations in weddings.
Hawthorns are a symbol of a union of opposites, taken from its delicate blossoms nestled among the thorns. Thought of for its diversity and duality, it is one of the May birthflowers because that is when its blossoms are in full bloom. It is also known as the fairy tree, acting as a portal to the fairy realm.